How abalone viscera peptides could possibly be the subsequent massive factor in drugs

In a current examine printed within the journal Scientific Stories, researchers discover the antimicrobial and anticancer properties of bioactive peptides derived from abalone fish viscera.

Examine: Antimicrobial and anticarcinogenic exercise of bioactive peptides derived from abalone viscera (Haliotis fulgens and Haliotis corrugata). Picture Credit score: mnimage /


Marine life could possibly be promising novel sources of bioactive molecules; nevertheless, only some research up to now have characterised and commercialized marine biomolecules. In 2015, the USA Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized trabectedin, a bioactive peptide derived from a sea squirt, Ecteinascidia turbinate, to be used in opposition to sarcoma. In 2010, the FDA authorized the usage of marine sponge-derived Eribulin mesylate to deal with breast most cancers.

The abalone fish (Haliotis spp.) is a marine mollusk whose demand and farming have surged globally lately. Throughout its processing, the abalone viscera, which accounts for 15-25% of their moist weight, is discarded, which leads to a number of tons of viscera misplaced every year. Since abalone viscera is a wealthy supply of protein, it might function a precursor of bioactive peptides exhibiting nutraceutical and pharmacological properties.

Earlier analysis has proven that mollusk visceral extracts successfully inhibited Escherichia coli K1, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumanii progressMoreover, in a mouse mannequin of breast most cancers, the administration of abalone viscera suppressed tumor development.

Concerning the examine

Within the present examine, researchers examine the antimicrobial exercise of visceral extracts from abalone fish species, together with Haliotis fulgens and H. corrugata, in opposition to 11 opportunistic bacterial pathogens from the Enterobacteriacea household and 4 frequent fungal species. The anticancer exercise of those visceral extracts was additionally evaluated in a grade IV prostatic adenocarcinoma PC-3 cell line, one of the vital generally occurring cancers in males.

Researchers used three batches of abalone viscera, weighing 150 grams (g) every, to extract bioactive peptides. The peptide extraction course of concerned various enzyme concentrations of Wobenzym, centrifugation, and incubation situations.

Extra particularly, the researchers elevated the quantity of Wobenzym used for visceral hydrolysis from two to fifteen g to extend protein hydrolysis. Importantly, this course of didn’t have an effect on the protein sample band patterns on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) evaluation.

A SmartSpec 3000 spectrophotometer was used to quantify proteins within the viscera-derived hydrolyzed extracts and their chromatographic fractions. Moreover, protein fractionation was carried out on hydrolyzed samples by way of gel filtration. This course of yielded excessive, medium, and low molecular weight (MW) proteins throughout the dimension vary of 116.25-200 kilodaltons (kDa), 66.25-116.25 kDa, and 31-66.25 kDa, respectively.  

The antimicrobial and cytotoxic exercise of all remoted proteins was subsequently decided.

The anti-microbial potential of abalone viscera

Medium MW protein fractions of H. corrugata had been lively in opposition to Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeuroginosa. Comparatively, protein fractions between 6.5-21.5 kDa and 97.4-116.25 kDa had been lively in opposition to Bacillus subtilis and Aspergillus niger, respectively.

H. fulgens peptide fractions between 31-200 kDa in dimension had been efficient in opposition to six bacterial strains. H. fulgens peptide fractions between 21.5-116.25 kDa in dimension exhibited exercise in opposition to fungi, A. nigerAlternaria alternata, and Aspergillus flavus.

Abalone viscera-derived peptides exhibited low inhibitory potential in opposition to micro organism. This can be because of the presence of enormous proteins in chromatographic fractions and their restricted interplay with the bacterial membranes. Thus, extra work is required to establish bioactive peptides with greater antibacterial exercise and perceive their mode of motion.

Bioactive peptides derived from H. fulgens and H. corrugata, notably chromatographic fractions 33-41, displayed cytotoxic exercise in opposition to PC-3 cells utilizing two totally different concentrations. 

Anti-cancer properties

The cytotoxic results of the abalone fractions 33-41 had been evaluated in prostate most cancers cells PC-3. When fractions at a focus of 200 µg/ml had been used to deal with PC-3, excessive mobile survival charges had been noticed aside from remedy with fraction 37. Extra particularly, fraction 37 remedy led to 80% cell survival at each 200 and 400 µg/ml.

Along with this vital cytotoxic exercise, diminished matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 expression had been additionally noticed in PC-3 handled cells. The expression of MMPs, which comprise collagen, enzymes, and proteins that degrade the extracellular matrix (ECM) to inhibit tumor cell metastasis, is commonly related to a poor prognosis amongst most cancers sufferers.


Bioactive peptides obtained from the hydrolysis of abalone viscera exhibited notable bioactivity in opposition to Gram-positive and Gram-negative micro organism, in addition to a number of fungal strains. A number of of those peptides additionally regulated MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression, which can replicate the potential anti-cancer properties of those organic molecules.  

Future research are wanted to characterize the exact amino acid sequences inside these peptides that could be answerable for their anticancer and antimicrobial actions.

Journal reference:

  • Rivera-Pérez, C., Ponce González, X.P. & Hernández-Savedra, N.Y. (2023). Antimicrobial and anticarcinogenic exercise of bioactive peptides derived from abalone viscera (Haliotis fulgens and Haliotis corrugata). Scientific Stories 13(15185). doi:10.1038/s41598-023-41491-w

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Translate »