Research examines what hinders and what promotes wholesome sexual behaviors amongst college college students

A examine by the UOC in partnership with a number of Chilean universities examines the difficulties college college students face relating to sexual well being points, and proposes particular measures to enhance campaigns geared toward selling wholesome sexual conduct.

The limitations encountered by college college students are a lack of awareness about sexual well being, social stigmas and the difficulties concerned in having protected intercourse.

The interval between post-adolescence and maturity is when most individuals interact in highest ranges of sexual exercise. Intercourse is probably not protected and wholesome at that stage in an individual’s life, which makes it a danger issue for morbidity and mortality resulting from sexually transmitted illnesses or infections. With the intention to examine the difficulties associated to sexual points encountered by younger college college students, a staff of researchers led by the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), the Universidad de Santiago de Chile, the Universidad Bernardo O’Higgins and the Universidad del Desarrollo de Chile carried out a examine to look at what hampers and what fosters the event of wholesome sexual behaviors.

We tried to search out out what hinders and what helps promote wholesome sexual behaviors amongst younger college college students, and suggest particular actions to enhance promotional campaigns.»

Manuel Armayones, lead researcher on the UOC eHealth Heart’s Behavioural Design Lab, member of the School of Psychology and Schooling Sciences and lead creator of the examine

The examine, revealed as open entry in BMC Public Well being, makes use of social analysis programs and theoretical fashions of behavioral design to contribute to enhancing well being promotion campaigns in several settings.

Boundaries to wholesome sexual conduct

The researchers used group dynamics to determine the features that act as limitations or facilitators of protected intercourse behaviors. The limitations embody a lack of awareness, social stigma and an absence of expertise for partaking in protected sexual relations.

As well as, the limitations perceived by younger individuals embody the truth that intercourse schooling is targeted on organic features or that consciousness and promotion campaigns are primarily based on very bleak content material, and include prejudices and misinformation relating to the usage of inner or vaginal condoms. «The individuals additionally recognized limitations to acquiring condoms at well being facilities and an absence of entry to preventive screening at college, amongst different points,» defined Armayones, who has a PhD in Psychology and is an professional in behavioral design on the UOC.

«We consider that what’s most vital for selling wholesome sexual behaviors is complete intercourse schooling, entry to sexual and reproductive well being companies, and social and household help,» stated Giuliano Duarte, affiliate professor on the Universidad de Santiago de Chile, and a PhD pupil within the Behavioural Design Lab. This promotion must foster easy accessibility to dispensers of inner and exterior condoms, and to well being facilities for testing for varied sexually transmitted illnesses, together with HIV. «Campaigns that embody each ‘how’ and ‘what’ to do are wanted to make sexual behaviors safer, campaigns designed to make it simpler for them to be safer,» stated Duarte.

Vital however inadequate progress at Spanish universities

In accordance with the newest CYD Rating, an indicator which measures the efficiency of the Spanish college system, 57% of Spanish universities have carried out sexual and reproductive well being companies or packages. Lots of of universities everywhere in the world have adopted and launched these sexual well being packages within the final decade. Though these companies have made vital progress, there may be nonetheless room for enchancment.

The authors suggest methods equivalent to implementing complete intercourse teaching programs at universities to encourage protected sexual behaviors. This consists of creating areas to debate points associated to sexuality the place accessible and confidential sexual and reproductive well being companies are at all times out there to college students.

The analysis staff concluded the examine by stating that digital applied sciences might be a vital software for reaching a wider and extra various viewers. As examples, they counsel utilizing cell purposes designed in collaboration with younger individuals and creating particular focus teams on messaging programs, along with campaigns combining audiovisual materials designed collaboratively by younger individuals for platforms equivalent to TikTok or Instagram.


Journal reference:

Armayones Ruiz, M., et al. (2023) Boundaries and facilitators for protected intercourse behaviors in college students from universidad de Santiago de Chile (USACH) via the COM-B mannequin. BMC Public Well being.

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